Head Start, Regioin XI, Region 11, Service Area Demographics

Head Start Community Assessment Surveys and the New HSPS Requirements

In June of 2017 I presented at the Region XI Head Start Conference in Denver, CO. My presentation, Approaches to the New Community Assessment Requirements, covered some of the new requirements for Community Assessments in the latest version of the Head Start Performance Standards. The final section of my presentation (which can be downloaded here focused on surveys that can be used to address a few of these requirements, both new and old:

  • Typical work, school and training schedules of families
  • Community Strengths
  • Education, health and other social needs of families

During the presentation participants filled out online sample surveys using Google Forms. Google Forms, along with other online survey tools, provide an easy way to create surveys and assist with analysis by automatically creating live graphs based on survey results.

Embedded below is a Community Strengths survey. Other sample surveys include:

Integrating Survey Responses into your Community Assessment – AI/AN Region XI Case Study

Participants in the session, who were all Head Start staff from American Indian/Alaska Native Region XI Programs, responded to some of the sample surveys from above. Though this was just an exercise, participants were invited to respond sincerely and truthfully with regards to strengths, needs and issues in their respective communities. Through this process we reinforced a need identified through analysis of Program Information Report data for Region XI.

Participants were asked for a short response to the question “What are the challenges, issues and struggles in the community where you live?” 7 out of 8 of the short responses cited substance abuse of one form another (meth, alcohol and other drugs.) Additionally, 12 out of 12 respondents identified “Alcohol and drug use” as a challenge, issue or struggle in their respective communities.

survey_responses_struggles

The survey also asked respondents to rate the severity of issues and challenges in their communities. Alcohol abuse and drug abuse both tied with domestic violence for the most number of responses that indicated it was a “severe issue.”

survey_responses_severity_stress

These survey results corroborated data that was analyzed earlier in the presentation from Program Information Reports (PIR). PIRs for all programs in Region XI were aggregated and compared to other Head Start regions and all Head Start programs in the country as a whole. It was discovered that 2.5% of Head Start families in Region XI had “an expressed interest or identified need” for substance abuse treatment. In Region X (Alaska, Idaho, Oregon and Washington states) the same statistic was only 1% of families and in the Nation as a whole it was .7% of Head Start families.

substance_abuse

Though the survey was informal and not comprehensive, it can be used to illustrate how surveys and other data sources can be used in the Community Assessment. This analytical process shows that substance abuse is an area of high need for families in American Indian/Alaska Native Head Start programs. If Region XI were a single Head Start program then the Community Assessment process would identify this need. Findings and recommendations from the Community Assessment would inform the program’s long term planning process.

Sample data packs are available for Region XI programs here. These sample data packs include an overview of Census data for each program’s service area as well as PIR data, comparisons with state PIR data and graphs for each data set. It is meant to be used along with the presentation Approaches to the New Community Assessment Requirements.

If your program is not from Region XI or you can’t find your sample data pack then please contact me.

American Community Survey, Head Start, Program Information Reports, Regioin XI, Region 11, Service Area Demographics

Tlingit & Haida Head Start Demographic Report

Prepared by Early Childhood Analytics

This report uses data from the 5-Year American Community Survey (ACS) to find demographic estimates for Region 11 AI/AN Head Start Programs. Tables DP03, S0101 and B17001A-I are used for the geography All American Indian Areas/Alaska Native Areas/Hawaiian Home Lands within United States. It combines these estimates with data from Program Information Reports from the Head Start Enterprise System. If there is no data or limited data in the tables and graphs below then there was not a large enough sample size for the service area for the ACS to produce reliable estimates. This report is an excerpt of a longer version which includes, among other things:

  • Median family income and income distribution for the service area
  • Households receiving SSI, SNAP Benefits/Food Stamps, and cash public assistance
  • Interactive map with data overlays by Zip Code & by recruitment area
  • Children with disabilities

Contact Early Childhood Analytics if you would like to inquire about receiving the full demographic report for your program.

Tlingit & Haida Head Start: Estimated Head Start Eligible Children

The poverty rate for families with children under the age of 5 was 11.6% for 2014, the latest year for which there is data. This is up from 11.5% in 2010. Using the poverty rate, population, and the percentage of the population under the age of 5, an estimate for the number of Head Start eligible children can be computed. In 2014 there was an estimated 135 Head Start eligible children living in the service area, up from 110 in 2010. With a total cumulative enrollment of 288 in 2014, Tlingit & Haida Head Start served approximately 213.3% of the estimated Head Start eligible population in its service area.

Tlingit & Haida Head Start 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015
Population 29464 29467 30642 30898 31481
Percent of population under 5 05.3% 05.3% 05.7% 06.2% 06.1%
Population under 5 1585 1564 1760 1919 1925
Poverty rate for young families 11.5% 11.8% 11.4% 11.2% 11.6%
Estimated number of Head Start eligible children 110 111 121 130 135
Total cumulative enrollment 306 288 278 269 288

Tlingit & Haida Head Start: Race/ethnicity of Head Start eligible children

The ACS provides an estimate of the number of children under 5 living in poverty by race. This can be compared to the racial/ethnic makeup of the Head Start program’s enrolled children. Note that Hispanic/Latino children are not included in the pie chart below as they may be of any race.

Tlingit & Haida Head Start Est. HS Eligible (ACS) Children Served (PIR)
2014 2014-2015
White 63 54
Black/African American 0 0
AI/AN 51 197
Asian 2 6
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0 14
Some other race alone 6 0
Two or more races 49 10
White alone, not Hispanic/Latino 94 0
Hispanic of Latino 40 25

Contact Early Childhood Analytics to inquire about the full version of this report for your program.

American Community Survey, Head Start, Program Information Reports, Regioin XI, Region 11, Service Area Demographics

Taos Pueblo Head Start Demographic Report

Prepared by Early Childhood Analytics

This report uses data from the 5-Year American Community Survey (ACS) to find demographic estimates for Region 11 AI/AN Head Start Programs. Tables DP03, S0101 and B17001A-I are used for the geography All American Indian Areas/Alaska Native Areas/Hawaiian Home Lands within United States. It combines these estimates with data from Program Information Reports from the Head Start Enterprise System. If there is no data or limited data in the tables and graphs below then there was not a large enough sample size for the service area for the ACS to produce reliable estimates. This report is an excerpt of a longer version which includes, among other things:

  • Median family income and income distribution for the service area
  • Households receiving SSI, SNAP Benefits/Food Stamps, and cash public assistance
  • Interactive map with data overlays by Zip Code & by recruitment area
  • Children with disabilities

Contact Early Childhood Analytics if you would like to inquire about receiving the full demographic report for your program.

Taos Pueblo Head Start: Estimated Head Start Eligible Children

The poverty rate for families with children under the age of 5 was 37.5% for 2014, the latest year for which there is data. This is up from 20.1% in 2010. Using the poverty rate, population, and the percentage of the population under the age of 5, an estimate for the number of Head Start eligible children can be computed. In 2014 there was an estimated 43 Head Start eligible children living in the service area, up from 33 in 2010. With a total cumulative enrollment of 53 in 2014, Taos Pueblo Head Start served approximately 123.2% of the estimated Head Start eligible population in its service area.

Taos Pueblo Head Start 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015
Population 5258 5361 5290 4958 5181
Percent of population under 5 05.1% 03.2% 04.2% 03.7% 03.6%
Population under 5 273 176 227 188 191
Poverty rate for young families 20.1% 22.7% 28.6% 39.8% 37.5%
Estimated number of Head Start eligible children 33 24 39 45 43
Total cumulative enrollment 54 70 56 53 53

Race/ethnicity of Head Start eligible children

The ACS provides an estimate of the number of children under 5 living in poverty by race. This can be compared to the racial/ethnic makeup of the Head Start program’s enrolled children. Note that Hispanic/Latino children are not included in the pie chart below as they may be of any race.

2014 5-Year ACS – Children Under 5 in Poverty by Race

Taos Pueblo Head Start Est. HS Eligible (ACS) Children Served (PIR)
2014 2014-2015
White 18 22
Black/African American 0 0
AI/AN 7 31
Asian 0 0
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0 0
Some other race alone 19 0
Two or more races 1 0
White alone, not Hispanic/Latino 1 0
Hispanic of Latino 55 26

Contact Early Childhood Analytics to inquire about the full version of this report for your program.